Getting An Edge On Your Wildlife Habitat

Where woods meet open land are some of the most important areas to manage for wildlife. Edges support shade-intolerant fruit, berry, and seed producing plants that won’t grow under a closed forest canopy. Additionally, their thick, brushy nature makes them ideal areas for cover and nesting.

Managing Edges

  • You can enhance the quality of your edges by implementing a few of these practices:
  • Daylight woods roads. Cut back trees 10 to 20 feet on each side of roads to allow growth-stimulating sunlight to reach the ground.
  • When clearcutting, create irregular, undulating harvest boundaries rather than straight lines. This creates extra (and a more natural) edge. Multiple small clearcuts will create greater levels of edge than one large one.
  • Streamside protection zones create edge. Add additional edge to these zones by including buffers around adjacent drains and washes.
Seed Tree Harvest with Edge-creating Drain Buffer
  • When thinning pine stands, taper your density as you approach an edge. Example: Your timber management target thinning density is a basal area of 80ft²/acre. Starting at 100 feet to the interior of the stand, taper the density down to 40ft²/acre at the forest edge. This creates a soft, uneven edge, impacting your overall timber returns very little while improving the quality of habitat.
  • Fell or hinge-cut undesirable trees (sweetgum, maple, elm, cedar) that develop in your edges. This frees up space for desirable species and creates brush piles that provide cover for wildlife.
  • Crop field edges that meet woodland rarely produce a lot for the farmer—most of the growth is sparse and stunted. Rather than waste seed and herbicide on these areas, disc them and allow native vegetation to develop. Refresh the areas by discing or mowing every 2 to 3 years.
1. Daylight woods road
2. Tapered stand density near edges
3. Scrubby fruit and berry producers
4. Disced field edge with natural growth

Too many times I see landowners over-landscape their property, creating tidy edges but lousy habitat. Good habitat doesn’t look like a golf course. Stop fighting Mother Nature and work with her, letting native vegetation develop. In the long run, it’ll be much less expensive and time-consuming than planting food plots and maintaining orchards.

Edges commonly have important soft mast and seed producing plants.
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Tim is a forester, real estate agent, and avid outdoorsman. When he is not managing clients’ woodland, you will find him hiking, trail running, reading, or woodworking. Motto: “Never get too comfortable–there is always room for improvement.”